Saudi step to relax male guardianship rule hailed


Saudi Gazette report

RIYADH — The Kingdom has further relaxed the male guardian system. The move to give women more control over their life choices was tentatively welcomed on Friday as another small step for Saudi women in the conservative kingdom.

Local media outlets reported this week that Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman has issued an order allowing women to benefit from government services such as education and healthcare without getting the consent of a male guardian.

This means women could, in some circumstances, study and access hospital treatment, work in the public and private sector and represent themselves in court without consent of a male guardian, said Maha Akeel, a women’s rights campaigner and a director at Jeddah-based Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

“Now at least it opens the door for discussion on the guardian system,” Akeel told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “Women are independent and can take care of themselves.”

This comes as the latest in a series of moves in Saudi Arabia to include women more in the workforce as the Kingdom moves to diversify its economy and cut reliance on oil.

The trend started in 2011 when the late King Abdullah allowed women onto the government advisory Shoura Council. Women can now vote in municipal elections, work in some retail and hospitality jobs and were allowed to compete in the Olympics for the first time in 2012.

The system of male guardianship, which requires women to obtain permission from a guardian — father, husband, or son — to travel, study or marry is an impediment to realizing women’s rights, claim rights groups.

“Male guardianship is un-Islamic and humiliating for women,” said Akeel. “Some (men) take advantage of this male guardianship for their own benefit and abuse it.”

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