Egypt and Ethiopia at odds as talks over Blue Nile dam resume

CAIRO (Reuters) – Egypt says Ethiopia has “summarily rejected” its plan for key aspects of operating a giant dam the East African nation is building on the Nile, while dismissing Ethiopia’s own proposal as “unfair and inequitable”.

A boat transports people along the river Nile in Cairo, Egypt July 2, 2019. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
A boat transports people along the river Nile in Cairo, Egypt July 2, 2019. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany

The comments in a note circulated to diplomats last week show the gap between the two countries on a project seen as an existential threat by Egypt, which gets around 90% of its fresh water from the Nile.

The note distributed by the Egyptian foreign ministry, a copy of which was seen by Reuters, points to key differences over the annual flow of water that should be guaranteed to Egypt and how to manage flows during droughts.

It comes as Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan met on Sunday and Monday for their first talks over the hydroelectric dam in more than a year. A spokesperson at Ethiopia’s foreign ministry, Nebiat Getachew, said on Monday the meeting had so far produced no agreements or disagreements, and gave no immediate response to the Egyptian claims.

Egyptian officials were not immediately available for comment, but after the talks an Egyptian water ministry statement carried by local media said the meeting had been limited to procedural rather than substantive issues.

Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry has expressed unease in recent days over delays in negotiations.

The $4 billion Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) was announced in 2011 and is designed to be the centerpiece of Ethiopia’s bid to become Africa’s biggest power exporter, generating more than 6,000 megawatts.

In January, Ethiopia’s water and energy minister said that following construction delays, the dam would start production by the end of 2020 and be fully operational by 2022.

The dam promises economic benefits for Ethiopia and Sudan, but Egypt fears it will restrict already stretched supplies from the Nile, which it uses for drinking water, agriculture and industry.


Though nationalist, and sometimes belligerent, rhetoric between Egypt and Ethiopia has cooled in recent years, the sides have remained deadlocked.

A report from International Crisis Group earlier this year warned that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan could “blunder into a crisis if they do not strike a bargain before the GERD begins operation”.

Egypt says it shared its proposal for filling and operating the dam with Ethiopia and Sudan on July 31 and Aug. 1, inviting both countries for a meeting of foreign and water ministers.

“Unfortunately, in a letter dated August 12, 2019, Ethiopia summarily rejected Egypt’s proposal and declined to attend the six-party meeting,” the Egyptian government’s note said.

Ethiopia had instead proposed a meeting of water ministers to discuss a document that included an Ethiopian proposal from 2018, it said.

Both proposals agree that the first of five phases for filling the dam should take two years, at the end of which the GERD’s reservoir in Ethiopia would be filled to 595 meters and all the dam’s hydropower turbines would become operational.

But the Egyptian proposal says that if this first phase coincides with an extreme drought on Ethiopia’s Blue Nile, similar to that experienced in 1979-1980, then the two-year period should be extended to keep the water level at Egypt’s High Aswan Dam from dropping below 165 meters.

Without such a concession, Egypt says it would risk losing more than one million jobs and $1.8 billion in economic output annually, as well as electricity valued at $300 million.

After the first stage of filling, Egypt’s proposal requires a minimum annual release of 40 billion cubic meters of water from the GERD, while Ethiopia suggests 35 bcm, according to the Egyptian note.

The note cites Ethiopia as saying last month that Egypt’s proposal “put(s) the dam filling in an impossible condition”, a charge Egypt dismisses.

“The Ethiopian proposal … overwhelmingly favors Ethiopia and is extremely prejudicial to the interests of downstream states,” it says.


  1. ‘At odds’ for what? For which thing owns by whom? The genie is already out of the bottle!!! It ain’t the 1920’s, 50’s or the 1900’s either!!! Every pact in the past that involves the River Nile was reached between a bunch of bigots. They didn’t even say ‘excuse me’ to sole owner of the Blue Nile, our old country, which was a vividly a sovereign nation standing right under their noses at the time they cooked up the so-called treaty. It ain’t the good ole days anymore. Their worst nightmare is no more to be ignored. Every proud abd(nigga) in the hood is standing tall to reclaim what was stolen away behind his back. As I have said many times before, if Egypt resorts to its old time tricks and try to bully everyone in the hood, it will run the risk of triggering an earth shattering earthquake. Such an a massive earthquake will in turn unleash a course changing alluvial tsunami in which rivers will be forced to flow backwards. Instead of west they will flow eastward and instead of south they will flow northward. You know what I mean?

  2. How it can be? Egypt can do other alternatives to overcome such problems. They can build other water basin or dams to keep if any drought may arise.

    But raising such drought as an issue for the sake of delaying Ethiopian project is morally and ethically not god. It is a joking on Ethiopian people. As it is well known Ethiopia had been victim of Nile basin for past many years and this should not be continue now. Why Egypt is greedy & selfish to keep its advantage only?


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